The SQ3R is a systematic method designed for studying a textbook. Developed by
Francis P. Robinson, a psychologist from Ohio State University, the SQ3R is an effective
reading system which has been successfully used by many students.
|SURVEY:||Glance over the headings in the chapter to see the few big points that will
be developed. Also read the final summary paragraph if the chapter has
one. This survey should not take more than a minute or two and will
show the main ideas around which the discussion will cluster. This will
help you organize the ideas as you read them later.
|QUESTION:||Now begin to work. Turn the first heading into a question. This will
give you a specific purpose for reading the material and thereby increase
comprehension. It will bring to mind information already known, thus
helping you to understand that section more quickly. The question will
also make important points stand out at the same time that explanatory
detail is recognized as such.
|READ:||Read to answer that question, i.e. to the end of the first headed section.
This is not a passive plodding along each line, but an active search for
|RECITE:||Having read the first section, look away from the book and try to recite
the answer to your question IN YOUR OWN WORDS. If you can do
this you know what is in the book; if not then glance over the section
again. Repeat these first 4 steps for each section.
|REVIEW:||When the lesson has been read through in this way, look over your notes
to get a birds-eye view of the points and their relationship and check
your memory of the content by reciting the major subpoints under each
heading. This checking of memory can be done by covering up the notes
and trying to recall the main points. Then expose each major point and
try to recall the subpoints listed under it.
2. The P2R System
|PREVIEW:||Begin by reading the introduction or, if there is none, the first couple of
paragraphs. Next, page through the book and read the headings. Glance
at any charts, graphs, diagrams, or pictures. Finally, read the last
paragraph or two. The goal of this step is to get an overview of the
material and develop a sense of the progression of ideas.
|READ:||Now mark ten pages of reading and read the material, taking notes or
highlighting important information. The number of pages you read can
be adapted to the particular book you are reading.
|REVIEW:||After reading ten pages, review the information. You can do this in a
number of ways:
3. The S-RUN System
|SURVEY:||First, survey the chapter. Read the title and the introduction, as well
as all headings, charts, diagrams, and graphs.
|READ:||Now read the section.|
|UNDERLINE:||Underline material that explains the section’s heading.|
|NOTETAKING:||After completing the previous steps, take notes on the material.
Summarize the main points of the section.
Adapted from: Van Blerkom, D.L. (1994). College study skills: becoming a strategic learner.